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The activities of the Geomagnetism and Exploration Department are highly interdisciplinary, this explains the different academic formation of the research staff, the diverse research lines that we follow and the close relationships that we have with other working groups dedicated to the Earth Science studies.
This Department began with the union of two working groups each one with a different development story: "Paleomagnetism and Nuclear Geophysics" and "Geomagnetism". Later other groups dedicated to Geophysics Exploration joined and new interest research goals raised inside the Department, since new groups were formed: Geochemistry and Paleoenvironmental Studies.
The main research disciplines are: Geophysics Exploration, Geomagnetism, Geochemistry, Paleomagnetism, Tectonophysics, Paleoenvironmental and Quaternary studies, Satellite Geodesy and remote sensing techniques. Several of the research lines outstand for dealing with frontier topics, scientific debate or their impact in the society. For instance, one of these research lines of a particular importance is the impact crater of Chixchulub, near the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary, associated to the big extinction in the biosphere occurred in this time.
Among the infrastructure of the Department it outstand the Magnetic Observatory of Teoloyucan, working since 1914 and the Laboratory of Paleomagnetism, the first one in Mexico and Latin America. There are also highlighted the Laboratory of Heavy Isotopes, fundamental part of the LUGIS (University Laboratory of Isotopic Geochemistry, run jointly with the Geological Institute), and the ICP Laboratory for trace and ultra-trace elements. Both laboratories with the most modern equipments for mass spectrometry.
Among the most recently developed infrastructure there are the Digital Cartography Laboratory (Cardi) that runs nets of GPS stations in active volcanoes and other interesting zones with geologic risk, as well as the Paleolimnology Laboratory, main part of the paleoenvironmetal and Quaternary studies, which one of their main objectives is to document the global climatic change during the recent past